The city is famous with the name of ‘Pink City’ as it was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales and Queen Victoria during the reign of Sawai Ram Singh. Still people of Jaipur feel obliged to follow the custom of painting their houses pink in the pink city area. The region in which Jaipur is situated is classified as the Dhundhad area of Rajasthan. Due to the presence of several magnificent forts and palaces Jaipur as a Wedding Destination is very popular. You will be intimidated by the always cheerful people of Jaipur some of whom can be seen clad in the colorful traditional Rajasthani attires.
History of Jaipur
There is a lot to know about this city but first you should be aware of the history of this grand city. The city of Jaipur was founded by Maharaja Jai Singh II who used to live in the Amber fort before shifting to Jaipur which is 11 kms from Amber. Jaipur was ruled by the Kachhwaha Rajput clan. The thoughtful King hired a specialist architect whose name was Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, who designed the city according to the Hindu treatise called the Vaastu shastra.
Tourist Attractions in Jaipur
The capital city of Rajasthan is also famous for its cultural and heritage richness plus it is heaven for the lovers of Indian Arts. There are so many spectacles situated in the city. The most famous being the following-
This majestic fort of Jaipur is a World Heritage Site and is built with yellow sandstone and marble. The splendid and huge fort was the residence of the Kachhwaha rulers of Amer and Jaipur. The buildings in the complex are constructed at four different levels. Amer Fort is one of the grandest monuments in Jaipur and is also the most frequented tourist spot in Jaipur.
Situated in the middle of the 300 acres large Man Sagar Lake, the Jal Mahal was initially a hunting lodge of the royal elite of Jaipur. In the 18th century the palace and the lake were both enlarged and now this monument is a startling one in Jaipur. It looks even more beautiful in the evening when its image reflects on the lake waters with thousands of lighted lamps.
The Hawa Mahal, translated as ‘Wind Palace’ is a marvelous construction with 953 windows, the monument is a five storied building with a height of 15 meters and is painted in pink color. The design was given by Ustad Lal Chand in the 18th century when this monument was built.
Built by King Jai Singh II as a place to keep an eye on the unwanted intruders in the Amber Fort, the Jaigarh Fort overlooks the Amer Fort and here this is where the famous giant cannon of that time called Jaivana Cannon has been kept. This red sandstone monument has a number of attractions inside the complex including a museum of the royal items.
It is often called a sister monument of the Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort since it formed the defense wall of the city along with the other two. The fort overlooks the Maota Lake and the city of Jaipur is a famous hangout in Jaipur.
The white marble temple was built by the prestigious Birla Family of India, the temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and his consort Goddess Laxmi. Surrounded with beautiful gardens and marvelous architecture with multiple sanctums, the temple is a Must See Places in Jaipur.
Albert Hall Museum
The Indo-Saracenic structure was built to welcome the Prince Albert of Great Britain. It now serves as a historic museum of the city and is also known with the name of Central Museum of Jaipur. It has collection of paintings and other items of art from Rajasthan and other parts of the world. It helps one to know about the culture and art of Rajasthan better.
The ancient astronomical laboratory is an open laboratory with nineteen instruments to study the positions of stars and planets. It was built by Sawai Jai Singh as he was a scholar of Astrology and had a keen interest in this subject.
The bewildering City Palace of Jaipur has a collection of several decorative art forms that are eye-catching. It is the residence of the royal family of Jaipur but is partially open to tourists for a visit. Watch the amazing entrances and courtyards along with the impressive collection in the Museum of the City Palace.
Jawahar Kala Kendra
The ultimate destination for the lovers of art and literature. The Jawahar Kala Kendra is the made for the purpose of preserving and show casing the Rajasthani arts and crafts. This multi-culture centre is a Must Visit in Jaipur for those who are fond of exploring arts.
Languages Spoken in Jaipur
Dhundhani is one of the languages that are spoken in this city along with Hindi, English and Rajasthani.
Famous Festivals in Jaipur
The popular and most celebrated festivals in Jaipur are the Gangaur festival, Teej, Jaipur Literature Festival and the Kite Festival.
Cuisines of Jaipur
Jaipur is known for the dishes like Ker Sangri, Bajra Roti, Missi Roti, Dal Baati Churma and Gatte ki sabzi. And the famous sweet dishes of Jaipur are Mawa Kachori, Moong Thal and Ghevar.
Climate in Jaipur
The climate in Jaipur is hot semi-arid climate and the Best Time to Visit in Jaipur is during the winters and monsoon. Months from September to March are ideal for visiting Jaipur.